Elements and Principles of Art

Elements of Art and Principles of Design

To art, there is something called elements of art and principles of design. These are important to an art piece, and it gives them character. Here are the elements of art, along with a description of what they are and what they do.

Line – Lines are self explanatory. Lines can be all sorts of things, but they are like the base of your drawing. You use lines when you’re doing the outlines of your drawing.

Color – Also self explanatory. Color is, well, adding color to your drawing to make it stand out. It’s okay if you don’t use color, but it makes your art so much better to look at and much less boring if you have color.

Shape – Shape is all of the different shapes in your drawing. Some of the more basic shapes are circles, squares, triangles and rectangles. There are shapes with interesting names too, like the squircle and the nonagon.

Β Β Β Β Β Β  Form – Form is the physical shape of your drawing. It can be all sorts of different shapes put together.

Value – Value is the lightness and darkness in a color. All colors have tints and shades.

Space – Space is how much space your drawing takes up. There are two types of space, positive and negative space.

Texture – Texture is how soft, rough, etc. an object looks. All objects have different textures.

Now that’s all of the elements of art. Here are the principles of design.

Balance – Balance is how different pieces of your art (lines, color, etc) are arranged, and how they link up

Proportion – Proportion is how big or small an object is compared to another one.

Emphasis – Emphasis is the area or part of a drawing that draws the attention to the viewer.

Variety – Variety is combining visual elements to create complex relationships.

Movement – Movement is the focal point in a drawing.

Rhythm – Rhythm is a combination of different elements but repeated

Β Β Β Β Β Β  Harmony – Harmony is when all elements of a piece of art combine to make a balanced, complete whole

There are many elements in art that are important for drawing. Without the elements of art and principles of design, your art would be nothing.

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